What is web hosting? how does it work?

Web hosting is required to make any website visible on the Internet. If you are going to build a website or you want to know how to make a website, then you should also know about web hosting.

Today, in this article, we will know what is web hosting, how are they? How does it work? What are its features? What’s the difference between hosting and domain? e.t.c

What is web hosting?

When you create a website or blog, all its contents such as images, videos, pages, etc. have to be stored in the server so that other people can access it through the internet.

Web hosting is a type of service that allows us to upload our website to the internet.

For website hosting we need a powerful server which should always be connected to the internet so that our website is available to the users 24 hours without any problems.

Since we cannot maintain this type of server ourselves because its mantanance cost is very high, we resort to web hosting companies for website hosting. Web hosting companies have their own powerful servers, technology and technical staffs.

We buy hosting service from them according to monthly or yearly package and we get space in their server where we can easily host our website.

What are the types of web hosting?

There are many types of web hosting too, when we create a website, we buy hosting according to our needs. It is mainly of 4 types:

  • Shared
  • Dedicated
  • VPS
  • Cloud

Let us now understand in some detail:

Shared Hosting: 

What is web hosting? how does it work?

As the name suggests, many websites are using the same server in this type of hosting.

Since, you are using many websites simultaneously using the same server space, RAM, and CPU, so it will be much cheaper for you than other hosting.

Just like if you use your own car to go somewhere, you will have to spend more money, while if you travel in a bus, you will save a lot of money.

If the bus is overcrowded during the journey, then you may face problems, in the same way, shared free web hosting can sometimes face some problems.

For example, if the traffic in your website is very high, then the speed of the website will be reduced and maybe some technical errors may start appearing to your visitors.

For whom is Shared Hosting better:

If your business is small or you are just starting, then this type of hosting is very good for you. If you are creating a blog then you should start with shared hosting. Hosting a website is very easy in Shared hosting. You can easily install many tools and plugins in it.

Dedicated Hosting:

What is web hosting? how does it work?

In this, you have the right over the entire server. It has many advantages, but it is very expensive compared to other hosting. Since only your website is being hosted on the entire server, it is completely under your control. You can change its opertating system and other settings.

One advantage of dedicated hosting is that you can avoid the loss due to high traffic. This increases the speed and performance of your website.

Dedicated Hosting is better for whom:

A website that has a lot of traffic should get dedicated hosting. If you have an eCommerce website whose size is very large, then this will be a much better hosting for you.

VPS (Virtual Private Server) Hosting: 

We can understand VPS hosting as a mixture of both shared and dedicated hosting. In this model you have a dedicated server but this server is a virtual server and not a physical one, let’s understand in some detail:

Here one server is divided into several different virtual servers. A virtual server is provided for a website and only the right is on that part.

Here a website gets more space, computing power and bandwidth as compared to shared hosting, hence page load time becomes much faster than shared hosting in VPS hosting.

It is not better than dedicated hosting but it is better than shared hosting. If you feel that traffic is coming to your site in very high volume, then you should know that it also has some limitations in VPS hosting.

Who Uses VPS Hosting?

Small websites that receive small amounts of traffic can also take advantage of VPS hosting. If you feel that the loading speed of your site is decreasing, then it is better to choose VPS hosting than a shared hosting.

Cloud Hosting: 

What is web hosting? how does it work?

The problem with dedicated servers and VPS is that you have less resources and there is a limit on storage and capacity. Although most websites do not reach this limit, sometimes some of the website’s contents may go viral and this suddenly increases traffic which is difficult to handle.

You can find solution to these problems in cloud hosting. Here, not a single server but many servers host your website together.

In the last few years, cloud hosting has become very popular and its trend is increasing.

High volumn traffic to your site on cloud hosting does not affect its loading speed.

However, like dedicated hosting, you cannot control the entire server in it, ie you cannot change any server settings or install any special software.

But if you have a simple website and do not need more technical options, then cloud hosting can be a good option for you.

Who Uses Cloud Hosting?

Cloud hosting is a very flexible hosting solution. You can increase disk space and memory according to your requirement. This is perfect for organizations, apart from this, it is also very useful for website owners who are troubled by traffic spikes from time to time.

How does web hosting work?

There are many companies for web hosting that allow website owners to host websites on their servers and in return take some money from you every month.

After uploading all the HTML pages, images, videos, etc. of the website to the server, anyone can view it at any time through the web address (domain name) through the internet.

Whenever an internet user enters your web browser by entering the web address on your website, his computer will be connected to the server where you have hosted the website. Now the server will display those HTML pages and contents on the visitor’s browser.

What is the difference between web hosting and domain?

The domain name and web hosting are two different things. But there are many companies that sell both domains and hosting. What is web hosting? how does it work? For example – GoDaddy is the largest domain registrar in the world, but it also offers to host in addition to domains.

And this is also one of the reasons that new people often confuse between web hosting and domains.

If we put it simply:

“A domain name is like your home address; Whereas web hosting is the room in your home where you keep your things. ”

The address here is the domain name which is the address of your website and for storage the computer hard disk, memory, etc. are used which is called web hosting.

What are the features in hosting?

While purchasing hosting, you must take care of some of the basic features given below. These can also vary according to the hosting type, hosting company, and plan.

Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the amount of data that is transferred between your website and visitors in a given time. With more bandwidth, more and more people can access your website at the same time without any interruption, while low bandwidth can reduce the speed of your website.

Uptime: This is one of the most important features of a reliable web hosting provider. Many companies offer guarenteed uptime which means that your website will be available to their visitors at least 99.9 percent of the time.

Storage: Every hosting account should have enough disk space to store your web pages, graphics, other media files etc. You should choose the best hosting plan for yourself keeping in mind your needs.

Email: You can use email hosting as well as web hosting facility in which you can create a custom email address for yourself or for your organization. Email hosting has many other features such as virus & spam filters, address book, calander etc.

Backups: Sometimes some files get deleted from your computer and your data loss. Keep in mind that the server is also a type of computer, there is also a risk of data loss, so keep in mind that your hosting providers are giving you backup facility or not.

Customer Support: This is also very important, you should know if your hosting provider is available for your technical support, can you call them? What times are they available? Can you email them and tell them your problem? What is their response time? Does live chat feature? Do they have forums, tutorial articles etc.? With these features, you can easily solve any problems related to future hosting.


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